Have you ever worked on a project without creating a budget plan? If so, there are chances that you may run out of budget and had used your savings to purchase extra materials. After this, you may have learned an important lesson that creating a budget plan is important for the success of a project. A business plan may succeed or fail based on how you prepare a budget plan. Bookkeepers in Melbourne use different budgeting methods to ensure the success of businesses and projects.

What is Budgeting?

Budgeting creates the base of a company’s financial plan. With budgets, a company can determine how much money it needs to reach its goals. Without a budget, you won’t have an idea of the performance of the business. A good budget allows you to:

  • measure financial success
  • assign resources efficiently
  • estimate possible revenue and expenses
  • stay aligned with the strategies of a business

What are Budgeting Methods?

There is no one way to make a budget plan for a business. Different companies use their own best budgeting methods. Below are some common budgeting methods:

  • Incremental Budgeting

It is the most commonly used budgeting techniques. It takes the actual numbers of the previous period and subtracts or adds a percentage to get the current budget. If your primary income sources and expenses are the same from year to year, then you can use this approach.

  • Zero-Based Budgeting

If you want to limit spending, then this method can be used. It assumes that every department starts with zero budget and every expense must be rebuilt from scratch. It needs an in-depth analysis of departmental operations. However, it is necessary for organisations going through financial restructuring.

  • Activity-Based Budgeting

Another commonly used budgeting technique is the activity-based budget. In essence, it entails examining an organisation’s primary activities and determining the factors that influence both revenues and expenditures for those activities. This is typically not as deep as a zero-based budget. Therefore, rather than on overhead and administration, the emphasis is on the primary revenue-generating operations.

  • Participative Budget

Lower-level employees recommend targets to higher-level decision-makers in participatory budgeting. This approach makes the assumption that each department is in the best position to comprehend necessary costs. The locations of the funds should likewise be known to the departments.

  • Value Proposition Budgeting

The goal of value proposition budgeting is to make sure that every line item in the budget adds value to the business. You should reevaluate a budget item if it does not add value for stakeholders, personnel, or clients. Similar to the zero-based strategy, this technique enables you to examine expenditures and eliminate wasteful spending.

What is the Budgeting Process?

Most businesses begin developing their budgets four to six months before the beginning of a new fiscal year. After the budget has been approved and put into action, you should set up regular evaluations to ensure everything is going according to plan.

The main processes in the budgeting process are summarised here.

  • Check previous periods

It applies only if your budget has already been carried out. If so, think about how effective it is.

  • Review your income sources

Calculate all of your current sources of income. What kind of income do you now earn? What are the anticipated sales totals for the remaining time frame? This could originate from one source or multiple.

  • Input fixed costs

Add up all the expenses that are consistent from month to month. These include expenses like rent, certain utilities, and even payroll. Look over any previous expense records to identify any missed fixed costs.

  • Add variable costs

Determine the numerous expenses that fluctuate each month. Costs associated with production, shipping, and sales commissions, can change over a specific time period.

  • Check out one-off costs

Some expenses, like equipment upgrades, are only infrequently incurred. When making your budget, make an effort to estimate as many of these expenses as you can.

  • Bring them all together

Compare your total outgoing costs to your total inflow of cash. You can evaluate your overall profitability with this.


The blog outlines different budgeting methods that every business needs to follow when making a financial plan. It can help businesses succeed. Moreover, you can seek help from a bookkeeper to make a budget plan for your business and for this, you can contact a Reliable Bookkeeping Services provider.